“It is simply in the nature of Armenian to study, to learn, to question, to speculate, to discover, to invent, to revise, to restore, to preserve, to make, and to give.”

William Saroyan

 

Armenian nature is so rich and plentiful, that there is always something remaining to discover. Armenia is located in the Southern Caucasus. The country has great altitudinal variation (from 375 meters to the 4,095 m) and great range of climatic zones. The various climatic zones resulted in a diversity of landscapes and ecosystems with high value of endemism.

The largest lake of Armenia is Sevan Lake, the location of which is at 1916 m a.s.l., between mountain ranges of Gegham, Vardenis, Sevan and Areguni.

Being situated in one of the world’s “hotspots” for biodiversity small by its area Armenia (about 30,000 km²) is notable for an incredibly rich and diverse world of plants. Here, on the area, that forms only 6.7% of the territory of Caucasus, almost a half of the Caucasian flora is found – about 3600 vascular plant species!

Almost all the habitat types typical for the region may be found in Armenia. Semi-deserts, juniper and arid open forests, steppes, forests, meadows, subalpine high herbaceous communities and alpine carpets, also miniature deserts, wetlands and various wide-spread plant communities of rocks and screes change each other on a distance of just about a few tens km.

The territory of Armenia is the one of the most ancient areas of origin and development of agriculture. This is a place, where donors and progenitors of many cultivated plants, which are represented with great number of forms, have survived till now. There are more than 100 forms of wild wheat in Armenia. Very high diversity is also observed for fruit trees as almond (Amygdalus fenzliana, A.nairica), apricot (Armeniaca vulgaris), walnut (Juglans regia), pomegranate (Punica granatum) and others. Big number of species is used in various areas of industry; local population uses many plants for medicinal proposes, as a food and other.

There are many endemic plants in Armenia including local endemics that are known only from one location in the country. Certain species and unique plant communities of regional and global conservation concern are the subjects of special interest in Armenia.

Amazing fauna of the country includes about 17500 animal species (including 330 endemic species). The largest group of vertebrates is birds. 359 bird species are recorded for Armenia, when in whole Europe you can find 700 species! The mammals are the second largest group of vertebrates with 83 species. The symbols of the wildlife of the country are wild goat (Capra aegagrus), Armenian mouflon (Ovis orientalis gmelini) and Persian leopard (Panthera pardus). One of the most magnificent creatures of nature is reptiles. The endemic reptile such as parthenogenetic (unisexual breeding) Armenian lizard (Darevskia armeniaca) or Armenian mountain viper (Vipera raddei) are beauties of our nature. The number of invertebrate species is about 17,000.

The biodiversity is preserved through Nature Specially Protected Areas Network. Armenian NSPA’s consist of three state reserves, four national parks, 230 natural monuments, and 26 state sanctuaries.

If you want to form an opinion about the national character of certain nation, you should not search for the pages of history, you can just visit any rural community, and pass even on day as a simple peasant. As it is said, the village reflects the country’s national traditions, rituals, it keeps the cuisine, the national character and mentality.

During the last decade a new perspective field of tourism is being developed in the world, including Armenia and that is a agritourism. You can pass your weekends in rural area, in rural family, be involved in farming, agricultural food production processes. This is a unique opportunity to communicate with peasants, learn about their traditions, rituals, cuisine.

Armenia is a mountainous country, therefore the communities which are divided by geographical borders are being differed not only by dialects, but also their behavior, cuisine typical to that region’s climate, flora and fauna.

We are suggesting to visit rural communities, learn about local traditions, peasant’s daily life problems, take part in rituals, in making national dishes, discover old receipts (Bread with jengyal from Artsakh, traditional dolma, celebration gatas), make lavash in oven, dry sweet fruits for winter, make kinds of jams, home-made wines, to taste fresh and ecologically clean fruit, vegetable and dairy products.

All this we can combine with picturesque nature and visiting cultural and historical sightseeing. This will be an unforgettable journey for tourist, especially for urbans, meantime the national remarkable traditions and cuisine will be discovered.

It is proved that living in rural areas makes people happier, they love their neighborhood, and feel safer than the urban inhabitants. So there is an opportunity for you to have that experience.

Get an Entry Visa to Armenia

For Visa Requirements please check here

For e-Visa application please follow the link

Currency

The Armenian national currency is Armenian Dram (AMD). You can easily change USD and EURO in banks, exchange offices and markets.

Exchange Rates Calculator

Important Telephone Numbers

«Zvartnots» Airport 1-87

Ambulance 1-03

Police 1-02

Fire Department 1-01

More phone numbers, codes and procedures for dialing you can find here

Transportation

For in-city travel best option is minibuses, buses or taxi. The ticket price for minibuses or buses is 100 drams. Taxi prices are about 100 drams a kilometer.

Welcome to Armenia, as Armenians say “Bari galust”.

The Republic of Armenia is situated in the southern part of Caucasus being a small north-eastern part of an extensive high-mountainous area of the Armenian Upland. The Armenian people represent one of the most ancient modern nations.

Let’s have a small tour throughout Armenia, and get acquainted with an Armenian culture, which has more than 3000 years old history. We encounter with the titles of country “Arminiya” and people “Armina” for the first time in cuneiforms of Persian king Dareh I (522-486 BC). During thousands of years many events have taken place in Armenia. And probably the most important and far – reaching one was the adoption of Christianity in 301, at king Tiridates III, Armenia became the first state in the world,  where Christianity was officially proclaimed as a unique state religion. The legend states, that when the Armenians have appeared in front of the God for reception of the share of land, the latter was already given out, and they got only stones, therefore one of the titles of Armenia sounds as “Karastan” – “Country of stones”. Armenia is a real open – air museum both concerning monuments of nature and the cultural heritage – a country open for all. Here you can find cave paintings, rock carvings from even stone century, pagan temple, Armenian churches, famous khachkhars, carpets, paintings, etc. A famous Italian script writer, playwright, painter, sculptor and a poet Tonino Guerra once visited Armenia said. “Armenia is a journey to up, towards heaven. Every time I come to Armenia I get a lot of warmth and power to live, to go on.” This is a country of sun and powerful culture which will attract you the most. As Armenia was the world’s first officially Christian country, you will find here countless monasteries and churches. The most famous are Geghard, Noravank, Haghpat, Sanahin, Kecharis etc.. The monastery of Geghard was partially carved out of the mountain, surrounded by cliffs. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tatev Monastery was founded in the fourth century at the site of a pagan temple. It is among the oldest and most prominent monasteries in Armenia. You can get there by funicular called “Wings of Tatev”. “Wings of Tatev” is the world’s longest reversible aerial tramway built in one section only. Mother See of Holy is the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the worldwide Armenian Apostolic Church and the Pontifical Residence of the Supreme Patriarch. Noravank is a two storey 13th century Armenian monastery, which was founded in 1205. Also you can visit the last remained pagan temple in Armenia Garni, which was built for the god of sun Mihr. You also have a chance to see an Armenian Karahunj, which can be translated as Stonehenge. The Armenian one is is 3, 500 years older than England’s Stonehenge and 3, 000 years older than the Egyptian pyramids. The Armenian scientists consider it to be large and developed observatory. Armenia is also famous of its khachkars. Khachkar is unique sculpture based on the ancient national traditions. Khachkars originated in the beginning of the 4th century right after the adoption of Christianity. Armenian architecture, urban construction and constructive art, medieval miniature painting, carpets, poetry, music, painting, farming and live-stock farming have an important place in world culture. Traditionally, weaving, carpet weaving, pottery, lacemaking, jewelry making were and still are very popular among Armenians. Also there are art galleries, museums in Armenia, especially in Yerevan. The most frequently visited are The National gallery, the museum of History. Beloved one is Sergei Parajanov’s museum, who was an Armenian director, script-writer, and painter. His works are attracting more and more people each year. The capital Yerevan is famous for its night life. Young people like to hang around in different pubs and listen to music, drink some beer or wine. It is common to say that Yerevan is a capital of jazz, indeed, you can listen to it in many clubs. The other types of music are also very popular here. Armenian cuisine includes meat, fish and vegetable dishes. Dolma is one of the most famous. It is grape’s leave filled with meat and rice. You should also try Armenian bread called lavash. There are many sources of mineral water in Armenia, which you can also try. Armenian people are hospitable to accept you warmly, to share their traditions. It will be an unforgettable journey.